Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic Philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC. The Stoics provided a unified account of the world, consisting of formal logic, monistic physics and naturalistic ethics. Of these, they emphasized ethics as the main focus of human knowledge, though their logical theories were of more interest for later philosophers.
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium around 301 BC. It was based on the ethical ideas of the Cynics, and taught that the goal of life was to live in accordance with Nature. Stoicism is a system of philosophy based on reason and self-control, stressing that we should control our emotions instead of letting them control us; it provided a way for people to cope with misfortune by placing their trust not in external things such as wealth or power but rather in their own wisdom and virtuous character.
Stoicism became the foremost popular philosophy in the Hellenistic world and the Roman Empire, to the point where, in the words of Gilbert Murray ‘nearly all the successors of Alexander professed themselves Stoics.’
Stoicism became the foremost popular philosophy in the Hellenistic world and the Roman Empire, to the point where, in the words of Gilbert Murray “nearly all the successors of Alexander professed themselves Stoics.”
Stoicism was a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens. It taught that virtue (aretē) is sufficient for happiness and it should be one’s primary goal. The school was very influential throughout Greece and Rome, attracting not only many Greek philosophers but also emperors such as Marcus Aurelius and Seneca. Although no complete historical treatises written by Zeno survive today, we know much about him through other sources on Stoic philosophy: Diogenes Laërtius’ Lives & Opinions of Eminent Philosophers; Stobaeus’ Anthology; Galen On Prognosis 1; Philostratus’ Lives Of The Sophists 6 & 7; Sextus Empiricus Outlines Of Pyrrhonism 1-4.
The Stoics provided a unified account of the world, consisting of formal logic, monistic physics and naturalistic ethics.
The Stoics believed that the universe is governed by reason, and that it is rational and ordered. They thought of the universe as a single substance; a single soul; a single god. In other words, they believed that everything in the world was part of one unified whole or entity called “the Logos”.
Of these, they emphasized ethics as the main focus of human knowledge, though their logical theories were of more interest for later philosophers.
Stoicism is a philosophical worldview founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium around 300 BC. It was one of the most influential schools of the Greco-Roman world, and amongst the many philosophies that have emerged from it, stoicism is often seen as one of the most rationalistic and practical.
Stoic Philosophy emphasizes living according to nature and our human nature, which means that we should be restrained yet virtuous, accepting fate with calmness, inner strength and tranquility.
Stoics were not concerned with theological questions such as how God created everything but rather focused on present-day problems such as anger management or finding peace in war times through self-control rather than seeking revenge for their misfortunes (which they believed would only result in more harm).
Beginning at around 301 BC, Zeno taught philosophy at the Stoa Poikile, from which his philosophy got its name.
Zeno was a student of Crates of Thebes and the founder of the Stoic school. Zeno taught philosophy at the Stoa Poikile, from which his philosophy got its name. Zeno’s philosophy is based on the idea that virtue is the only good, and that external things such as health and wealth are merely indifferent.
Unlike the other schools of philosophy, such as the Epicureans, Zeno chose to teach his philosophy in a public space, which was a colonnade overlooking the central gathering place of Athens, the Agora.
Unlike the other schools of philosophy, such as the Epicureans, Zeno chose to teach his philosophy in a public space. And where did he choose to do this? The Stoa Poikile (painted colonnade) was a colonnade overlooking the central gathering place of Athens, the Agora. The Stoics were fond of painting murals depicting their principles on its walls — hence its name. It was here that Zeno taught his philosophy and it was here that he would hold lectures for all those who wanted to hear what he had to say about how we should live our lives and how we can find happiness within ourselves through practical exercises such as meditation and reflection on our actions during each day.
Stoicism became one of the most influential schools of the Greco-Roman world; and its influence grew steadily over time.
Stoicism was one of the most influential schools of philosophy in the Greco-Roman world, and its teachings became the basis for much western thought – particularly in Europe and North America.
As a philosophy, Stoicism emphasizes that all human beings are fundamentally rational and should live their lives according to reason as opposed to emotion or passion. Some of its more well known doctrines include:
- The universe is governed by a divine reason (logos) that is ultimately good; therefore there is no need for fear or anxiety about things beyond our control
- The virtuous person will be happy even if they do not experience pleasure or pain; only those who have failed to develop their inner qualities can expect happiness from external sources
During Rome’s heyday, members of elite society such as Seneca and Epictetus studied Stoicism; while today, many people find peace and perspective through practice of this ancient philosophy.
Stoicism, a philosophy dating back to the 3rd century BC, is based on the idea that we can control our emotions and thoughts by changing our perspective. According to this belief system, people are responsible for their own actions, so you should be wary of blaming others for your problems because you have ultimate control over them.
Stoics believe that everything that happens is predetermined by fate—so instead of lamenting over things like illness or injury (which they consider inevitable), they focus on accepting those events as part of life’s natural order. The practice teaches people how to accept what cannot be changed, endure pain with patience, be happy with what you have and resist temptations like greed or pleasure seeking—all while maintaining good health mentally and physically through exercise and diet moderation
Stoicism is a philosophy that teaches us how to achieve happiness by practicing detachment from externals, like material objects and feelings. It’s a way of living in harmony with nature and the universe around us. As they say: “Live according to nature.”